Posted on: August 10, 2008 12:22 pm
Oak Tree to Unretire Seven of the Greatest Jockeys of All-Time, and Julie Krone
Something here is not right.
Like the kids game, which of these is not like the other: Cordero, Vasquez, Hawley, Day McCarron, Bailey, Stevens, Krone.
Krone? Julie Krone? Amidst a list like that?
Yet when the Oak Tree Racing at Santa Anita meet sends out eight horses on October 18 for a special pari-mutuel wagering race, “The Living Legends Race,” those eight jockeys will be the representatives.
From all the retired legendary jockeys, the Oak Tree Racing Association picked a great cast. But I must question the selection of Julie Krone.
In case you don't recognize the names or don't remember the names, I'll go through each of the jockeys one-by-one.
Angel Cordero, Jr., 65, won more than 7000 races in his career, including six Triple Crown races.
He won both the Kentucky Derby and the Belmont Stakes aboard Bold Forbes in 1975. He also won the Kentucky Oaks twice.
He won four Breeders' Cup races in the first eight years of the event before suffering a career-ending injury in 1992, four years after his induction into the United States Thoroughbred Racing Hall of Fame.
Three times, in 1982, 1983, and 1985, Cordero won the Eclipse Award for most outstanding jockey.
Jacinto Vasquez, 64, is one of only 23 North American jockeys to ever win 5000 races. Among those are two Kentucky Derbies, one aboard Foolish Pleasure and a second aboard Genuine Risk.
Vasquez might have been the greatest rider of fillies in American history, guiding Ruffian and Genuine Risk for their entire careers, as well as the very-underrated Princess Rooney, winner of the first Breeders' Cup Distaff. Vasquez did not ride her in that triumph, but he did have the mount in 1983 when she won the Kentucky Oaks.
Sandy Hawley, 59, might be the greatest jockey in Canadian history, rivaled only by Don Seymour.
He won nearly 6500 races, including 10 Canadian Triple Crown races and the Canadian Oaks eight times. In fact, Hawley won the Canadian Oaks five years in a row from 1970 to 1974.
His greatest victory came in 1987 when he beat skin cancer. The following year, he won the Breeders' Stake aboard King's Deputy at Woodbine, the final Canadian Triple Crown race victory of his career.
Pat Day, 55, was one of the three most dominant jockeys of the 1990s, winning six Triple Crown and eight Breeders' Cup races during the decade. He is the only jockey to win three consecutive Preakness Stakes, having done so from 1994 to 1996.
Lifetime, Day won nine Triple Crown races and 12 Breeders' Cup races, those twelves Breeders' Cup triumphs are more than anyone except Jerry Bailey.
He won four Eclipse Awards for outstanding jockey, the last in 1991. In that same year he was inducted into the United States Thoroughbred Racing Hall of Fame.
Chris McCarron, 53, has won more than 7000 races, nearly achieving the Triple Crown aboard Alysheba in 1987.
He won the Breeders' Cup Classic a record-tying five times, the last two aboard Tiznow, the only two-time winner of the continent's richest race. He dominated California racing for two decades, winning the very competitive Del Mar riding title five times.
Jerry Bailey, 51, is arguably the finest jockey ever to race in the United States. At the very least, he is the best since Bill Shoemaker.
Although he only won six Triple Crown races, he dominated everything else. He won the Breeders' Cup Classic five times among 15 overall Breeders' Cup races.
Bailey also won the Dubai World Cup, the world's richest race, four times.
Most remarkably, he won the Eclipse for most outstanding jockey seven times, three more than anyone else since the award was first issued in 1971.
Finally, there is Gary Stevens, now 45.
Stevens won eight Triple Crown races, coming the closest to winning the Triple Crown in 1997 aboard Silver Charm. Stevens also won seven Breeders' Cup races.
He retired at 42, falling 112 wins shy of 5000 for his career.
He also spent the last two years of his career racing mainly in France.
Which brings us to Julie Krone.
Now, there is no doubt that Krone, now 45, was a fine jockey, one of the better ones of her era. But if she was a man, there is no way she would be in this race.
Krone won one Triple Crown race, the 1993 Belmont Stakes aboard Colonial Affair in the fog in a race marred by the fatal breakdown of Preakness Stakes winner Prairie Bayou. It still is the only Triple Crown race won by a female jockey.
Krone retired in 1999 before returning in 2002. The following year, she became the first and only female jockey to win a Breeders' Cup race, doing so aboard Halfbridled in the Breeders' Cup Juvenile Fillies.
An injury late in 2003 effectively ended Krone's career.
But if you were to compare Krone to other jockeys, to Shane Sellers and Walter Blum, you'd find very similar careers. Would you really ask either Sellers or Blum to participate in this event alongside these other seven?
Of course not.
I give Oak Tree credit for setting this up; I give Oak Tree credit for convincing the other seven jockeys to unretire for a day and attempt to add one more win to their already impressive resumes. Amongst themselves, they already have 45,459 wins.
Add in Krone and they have 49,163 victories.
Add in Krone and you have a mismatch.
I love Julie Krone; what she did for the sport, what she did to cross the gender line and show that female jockeys could be more than mediocre is earth-shattering. But to put her in the same class as Cordero, Vasquez and Hawley, McCarron and Stevens, Day and Bailey, to put her in that class is just not correct.
She's a Hall of Fame jockey but not on the same level as the other seven. Putting her in this race is an insult to her.
For all she has achieved, she has earned the right to be thought of as just a jockey, to not be thought of because she is female. Putting her in this race only works to diminish that.
She'll be thought of as the token female jockey because alongside that competition, that's what she is.
Krone deserves better than this.
Oak Tree, keep her out and you do her a service. Put her in and you just belittle what she has already done.
Posted on: August 6, 2008 11:32 pm
This might as well be the end. This might as well be a funeral.
For the past two decades, every horse racing news out of Maryland was one of contraction. Whether it was the end of the Pimlico Special, the fabled stakes race that once pitted Seabiscuit versus War Admiral in a march race, or purse cuts or requests not to have race dates at Pimlico, it has been a near-constant struggle.
A state that once had the most important juvenile race in the country, the most important spring race for older horses, a breeding industry that sired countless champions, a fan base that came from every corner of the country and not just on the third Saturday in May, this is a sad turn of feet. And now it just got sadder.
On Wednesday, Pimlico shut down for training. While it has always been open for horsemen, even when the track did not have live racing, it won't anymore. Not until April, when the track's meeting opens again.
At the same time, the state announced the cuts of every single non-state-bred stakes race for the rest of the year. Every single one.
From the De Francis Memorial, a Grade I sprint race that is one of the most important post-Breeders' Cup races in the country, to the Laurel Futurity, which was once won by such champions as Count Fleet, Citation, Secretariat and Affirmed, all of whom became Triple Crown winners the year after their triumph in Maryland.
Odds are, they're also going to cut the Barbara Fritchie Handicap and General George Handicap, both held in February, considering the purse money continues to be lacking.
Much of this is probably related to the announcement that Magna Entertainment Corporation, which owns and operates Pimlico and Laurel, Maryland's two thoroughbred tracks, has had losses totaling more than an half billion dollars since 2005, including $67 million over the first six months of 2008.
Magna had a terrible first quarter, usually its best quarter, after losing eight live racing days due to drainage problems at Santa Anita in California, one of the company's two profitable facilities.
In 2007, Magna posted a first quarter profit of more than $2 million. In 2008, it lost $46 million in the first three months of the year
Finally, Magna was recently nearly taken off of the NASDAQ exchange after its stock price dropped below $1. To stay on the exchange, the company did a reverse 1 to 20 split, raising the value to $7.20 as of Wednesday morning.
And while all these facts might answer why these moves were made at this time, none of them cut to the chase of what is really happening.
Sure, this move is just a posture. Despite all the loses, Maryland racing could still at least maintain itself for the rest of the year at the current figures. But barely.
Magna has been asking for legislation allowing for slot parlors at the states two thoroughbred and two standardbred horse facilities for a decade with no success. The revenue generated from these parlors would be used to bolster the horse purses.
But even if these moves were just to help the cause to get slots, it doesn't change the fact that without this money, the tracks will continue to lose money and eventually, might close.
No one thought Hialeah Park in South Florida would close. Or Ak-Sar-Ben in Omaha, Neb. Or Detroit Race Course. Or Longacres Park in Renton, Wash. Or Arlington Park in Chicago. But they all did, some more than once.
Arlington Park closed for two years from 1998 to 1999 before reopening under the management of Churchill Downs Incorporated, hosting the Breeders' Cup World Thoroughbred Championships in 2002.
Hialeah Park closed for the first time in 1990 and again in 2001, without reopening since. It is currently on the verge of being sold and saved.
The other three? All closed and long-since demolished, the only standing memory is the grave of Omaha, the Triple Crown winner in 1935 who was buried at Ak-Sar-Ben in the city whose name he honors.
Now Pimlico is bound to join the others, a lost treasure with nothing there to replace it.
If Pimlico does not get slots, how much longer can it keep its head above water?
How much longer can Magna afford to lose money on Pimlico when it is already losing millions each year on Great Lakes Downs in Muskegon, Mich., Remington Park in Oklahoma City, Okla., Portland Meadows in Portland, Ore., and Thistledown in North Randall, Ohio? Those properties have been on the market for four years without anyone willing to take the financial hit.
The simple answer? It won't.
The only thing that has kept Pimlico and Laurel Park afloat for the past decade has been the Preakness Stakes. The money brought in from gamblers on that third Saturday in May has done much to offset the losses of the other 364 days.
But each year, the losses of those 364 days continue to grow while the income from Preakness day continues to vanish.
Despite a record-setting attendance of more than 112,000 to see Big Brown win the Preakness this year, only the fifth-most money all-time was wagered on the event, a mere $73 million. Overall, there was a fall to $190.9 million from $228.7 million for the spring race meeting at Pimlico.
Last year, Maryland thoroughbred racing as a whole suffered a 4.1 percent decrease in overall handle, a fall of nearly $80 million from 2006.
Basically, in 2007, Maryland lost one Preakness in income.
Sure, gas prices make it more costly for people to travel, leaving them less money to spend at the tracks. But the dilapidated state of the facilities at Pimlico, located right in the slums of Baltimore, do not seem to invite anyone to come to the racetrack in the first place.
2006 was the only profitable year for Maryland thoroughbred racing this decade, as well as one of only two with an increase in handle from the previous year. Despite that, the Maryland Jockey's Club cancelled the Pimlico Special in 2007 before further slashing purses that June.
It's been a long spiral in Maryland and it only seems getting worse.
But there is hope.
After former governor Robert Ehrlich spent his entire term from 2003 to 2007 trying to get the state congress to pass legislation that would allow for slot machines at Pimlico and Laurel as well as Rosecroft, a standardbred facility in the state, it seems like the measure might finally succeed.
This Election Day, voters will head to the polls and vote on a referendum that will allow for 15,000 slot machines to be placed at the tracks in the state, generating $100 million for the horse breeding and racing industry.
But opponents say that too much money is going to the tracks and not the state. Additionally, of that money going to the tracks to bolster purses, only 42 percent will go to state-bred horses.
The rest will go to horses bred in other states and countries that are racing at Maryland's tracks.
Nevertheless, a poll conducted by proponents of the measure from May 19 to 21 of 803 Maryland residents showed 63 percent in favor and 34 percent against with a margin of error of 3.1 percent. But don't get too giddy.
Those numbers are nearly identical to those shown in Colorado in 2004 for a similar measure before it failed by a near 2:1 count in November. Early support does not mean November success.
If the measure fails, if Pimlico cannot make needed internal improvements to its dilapidated facilities and Maryland cannot bolster purses to compete with neighboring states, then Pimlico might as well not open again in April.
Once, Maryland hovered over neighboring tracks in Delaware, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia.
Now those states all have tracks with attached slot parlors.
While Maryland continues to offer about $200,000 a day in purses, Philadelphia Park has upped the ante to more than $300,000. Delaware Park has done almost the same.
Magna, after losing $575 million since 2005, cannot afford to lose money on Pimlico and Laurel again in 2009.
Maryland racing cannot afford to sit behind Delaware and Pennsylvania in the feeding order.
If worst comes to worst, the Preakness might just have to move.
What other choice is there if the slots measure does not pass?
Posted on: July 30, 2008 12:20 am
Eleven. Currently, that's the most important number in American horse racing. There have been eleven Triple Crown winners spread out over 59 years.
Posted on: July 7, 2008 10:38 pm
Washington might not be a horse racing hotbed, but the small community in the Pacific Northwest has always loved its champions.
None, financially speaking, was as prolific as Saratoga Passage, who passed away unceremoniously Saturday of colic at the age of 23.
It was so unceremonious that the Thoroughbred Times, one of the three main online news sources for thoroughbred horse racing, didn't even pick up the story until Monday evening. And that's nothing. The Daily Racing Form hadn't posted the story as of its Monday evening update.
To boot, the Seattle Post Intelligencer confined the story to a paragraph at the end of a story about the Governor's Handicap, a race contested the same weekend at Washington's only thoroughbred track, Emerald Downs.
For a state that has always appeared to love its equine heroes, it's a sad sign.
Saratoga Passage, a chestnut gelding, was born at Crescent Harbor Farm in Oak Harbor, Wash in 1985. A son of Pirateer out of the mare Loridown, Saratoga Passage went on to outperform his breeding.
Loridown was the daughter of Sherri Ruler, who won Washington-bred three-year old filly of the year award during her racing career. However, none of Saratoga Passage's immediate bloodlines had won any major racing event.
He, of course, would.
At age two in 1987, he won the Tukwila Stakes and Gottstein Futurity at Longacres Park before shipping south to California for the Grade I Norfolk Stakes at Santa Anita.
He was a late supplement to the Norfolk Stakes as he had not been nominated on time. This required his owners, Melvin and Helen Beck, to pay a $10,000 fee. Then, to complicate matters more, it rained. His connections had no idea how he would run on a muddy track.
As it turns out, he would run golden.
Saratoga Passage won the race, with a purse of over $300,000, by 2 ¼ lengths.
The horse that ran fourth, Success Express, would win the Breeders' Cup Juvenile later that October at Hollywood Park. Saratoga Passage, as well as the horses that finished second and third in the Norfolk, were not nominated for the championship race.
He was considered a contender for the 1988 Kentucky Derby as his three-year old year began. Not just had no Washington-bred ever won the Kentucky Derby but no Washington-bred had ever even run in the race.
Saratoga Passage was scheduled to run in the Arkansas Derby at Oaklawn to prepare for the Kentucky Derby, but a stress fracture in his left front cannon bone was found. He would not race for another ten months.
With Washington's Triple Crown dreams dashed, Saratoga Passage resumed training near the end of the year and returned to the track in February. He also had a new trainer, future U.S. Thoroughbred Hall-of-Famer Bobby Frankel.
His four-year old season started poorly, including a last place finish in the Californian Stakes at Hollywood Park in June, but it wouldn't end the same.
Saratoga Passage was switched to the turf at Del Mar and won an allowance race. A few weeks later, he won the Grade I Eddie Read Handicap.
By winning that race, Saratoga Passage became not just the only Washington-bred to win a Grade I stakes race on both dirt and turf surface, he became the first to win multiple Grade I stakes races period.
He still is the only one to do so.
Unfortunately, it was the last victory for the rising star.
He finished a competitive third in the Grade I Oak Tree Invitational Handicap that autumn at Santa Anita. The winner, Hawkster, set a world record time for 1 ½ miles on the turf at 2:22 4/5. But that race was the beginning of the end.
He lost his first five races as a five-year old before he again set his sights on winning the Oak Tree Invitational Handicap.
In the race, he closed down the stretch to again finish third, but jockey Russell Baze noticed something was wrong and immediately pulled him up. He had injured the tendon in his left front leg. Saratoga Passage's racing career was over.
Saratoga Passage retired with six wins from 47 starts for total earnings of $818,212, $150,000 more than any other Washington-bred has won. He spent the final 18 years of his life at Crescent Harbor Farm where he was born.
Yet somehow, nobody noticed when he died.
Washington mourned when Captain Condo died in 1996.
Yes, there's no doubt Captain Condo was more popular than Saratoga Passage, but he wasn't that much more popular. The gray gelding won 30 of 70 lifetime races from 1985 until 1992, almost entirely at now-defunct Longacres Park, on his way to more than $500,000 in career earnings. When he died, articles flew everywhere.
There's barely a whisper for Saratoga Passage.
And maybe that makes sense.
On September 21, 1992, venerable Longacres Park in Renton, Wash., a suburb of Seattle, closed down after nearly six decades of racing. A near-record crowd of 23,258 people came out to watch the horses run one more time. The site had been sold to Boeing in 1990, but the corporation allowed the Emerald Racing Association to run races there for two more years before closing the facility.
And on that day, Washington thoroughbred racing began to die.
Before the final race, track announcer Gary Henson gave the crowd a chilling epitaph: “These horses belong to you. Listen to their final thunder.”
I'm sure he didn't know he was talking about the entire industry in Washington, not just Longacres Park.
Emerald Downs opened in suburban Seattle in 1996, returning racing to the western part of the state. Yakima Meadows near Spokane, which closed in 1995, was the only racing facility in the state in the interim.
Despite early promise, the track has struggled to stay competitive. Purses continue to sag and small field sizes make the product unappealing to gamblers.
The breeding industry is just as troubled.
In 2002, Washington had an 11 percent decline in the number of live foals, the largest mark of any of the 12 states with at least 1000 mares standing there. Oklahoma, Maryland, and Kentucky were the only other states to see a decrease of any margin. The previous year was even worse with a remarkable 21.5 percent decline from 2000, by far the worst mark in the nation.
Almost every year since 1992, the year Longacres closed, has seen a decline of some sort. Many years the decline has been staggering.
Washington once was one of the top breeding and racing states in the nation, along with Nebraska, Michigan, and Ohio. Like those states, it now could be passed off for dead.
If Saratoga Passage had the good fortune to die ten years ago, it would have made headlines in the state. Unfortunately, he didn't have the good sense.
Instead, Saratoga Passage, the champion gelding from Washington, decided to live out his days in peace, frolicking around, while the world around him died.
Washington, stand up and honor your hero like you did Captain Condo in 1996. Let him know you remember him.
Gary Henson seemed to say it best when he told Washington “these horses belong to you.” Unfortunately, it seems those sentiments fell on deaf ears.
The 23,258 people there listened to their final thunder, most likely unaware how final it would be. It was more final than death.
So please, rest in peace Saratoga Passage– rest in peace for the state that conveniently forgot you.